The salted closed basin Etosha Pan is located In Namib Desert which is in the northern part of Namibia. The length of the salt pan is 120 kilometers or 75 miles. The surroundings of the salt pan are protected by the Etosha National Park which is one of the largest wildlife parks in Namibia. Most of the time, the salt pan is dry but when it rains it has a thin layer of water that is fully salted by mineral deposits which most of the year, the surface is dry and is covered of salt.
In early history, the pan is said to be formed and developed by means of a tectonic plate that happened 10 million years ago. The area depicts as a greenish white in color in surface that spreads with over a hundreds of kilometers. The origin name of the pan is a local word “etosha” meaning “place of dry water”. The pan is said to be a huge lake that is big as the country Holland but now it is mostly dry that is covered by salts.
Etosha is notable for having the last wild sanctuaries in the world of the Black Rhinos which are endangered species. Etosha Pan is abundant in waterholes. In fact, there are dozens of them which is why many of animals remain in the area like elephants, lions, zebras and others.
The climate in Etosha Pan is mostly cool dry season from the month of May to September. While wet season begins from November to March and said to have a temperature that ranges from 31 degree Celsius or 88° Fahrenheit to 13.7 degree Celsius or 57° Fahrenheit. The rainy season of the Etosha Pan has about 14 inches of rainfall per year that mostly occurs from January to March.