The hypsodont teeth follow this dental formula: 2/3, 1/1, 3/3, 3/3. According to the IUCN Red List resource, the population of this species in Paraguay was about 5,000 animals in the early 1990s. The third species, the Chacoan peccary (Catagonus wagneri), is the closest living relative to the extinct Platygonus pearcei. Newborn babies of this species are well-developed. Additionally, Chacoan peccaries are threatened by diseases, carried by predators such as large felids. Approximately 3,000 remain in the world. Chacoan peccaries are the largest of the three peccary species. Each group has a rather large territory of up to 1,100 hectares as well as a care area of 600 hectares. Dominated by low-lying succulents and thorny bushes, the Gran Chaco is about 140,000 km2. Females generally produce up to 4 young with an average of 2 - 3 per litter, after 5 months of gestation. The upper canines display the distinguishing trait of peccaries, pointing downwards instead of out and up like other Suiformes. As opposed to other chacoan species, these mammals are diurnal. Habitat. The pelage of the young resembles that of the adults. It obtains essential minerals from eating mineral-rich soil at naturally occurring salt-licks, and leaf-cutter … Snow Leopard Depicts same object. A population has been established in North American and European zoos. It spends much of its time browsing on fleshy plants such as cacti and bromeliads. While escaping, it sprays secretions from its dorsal glands, which may be a signal for other peccaries to keep the group together through the dense bush.[3]. Chacoan peccaries differ from other peccary species by having longer ears, snouts, and tails. Explore museums and play with Art Transfer, Pocket Galleries, Art Selfie, and more . Their native habitats are semi-arid thorn forests, savannah plains and marshes with considerably high temperatures and little rainfall. The Chacoan peccary or tagua (Catagonus wagneri) is the last extant species of the genus Catagonus;[2] it is a peccary found in the Gran Chaco of Paraguay, Bolivia, and Argentina. These animals are endemic to South America. Recommended. Bushdog Depicts same object. Department of Research, Zoological Society of San Diego, San Diego, California. The arid habitat of the Gran Chaco region provides very tough vegetation for the Chacoan peccary. Habitat. In 1971, the animal was discovered to still be alive in the Chaco region, in the Argentine province of Salta. It is found in the dry shrub habitat or Chaco of Paraguay, Bolivia, Argentina and Southern Brazil. The Chacoan peccary is truly confined to hot, dry areas inpenetrable and untouched by humans (Cohn 1996). Kurt Benirschke M.D. These peccaries feed on various species of cacti, such as Cleistocactus baumannii and Opuntia discolor. The Chacoan peccary is confined to hot, dry areas. Giant chacoan peccary: Feeding and social behavior of a captive group in natural habitat. This species was described in 1930s, based on sub-fossil. Dominated by low-lying succulents and thorny bushes, the Gran Chaco is about 140,000 km . It is found in the dry shrub habitat or Chaco of Paraguay, Bolivia, and Argentina. They may also pull off the spines with their teeth and spit them out. This species of peccary seeks out salt licks formed from ant mounds and construction projects (road building and land clearings). Their feet are also small, which allows maneuverability among spiny plants. Our website provides access to zoo, animal, plant, conservation, and veterinary information resources. When the Chacoan peccary is nervous or frightened, it flees, and raises the hairs on its back. 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