Of course it is. Looks like a lava flow has made its way down to the left of the crater. Another of Etna’s better-known ancient eruptions was that of 396 bce, which kept the Carthaginian army from reaching Catania. Salvatore Allegra / AP. The name comes from the Greek Aitne, from aithō, “I burn.” Mount Etna is the highest active volcano in Europe, its topmost elevation being about 10,900 feet (3,320 metres). Eruptive activity at #Etna's Southeast Crater on the evening of 14 December 2020 pic.twitter.com/oaAKMUpRxx, The Southeast Crater of #Etna on the late afternoon of 15 December, in a state of quiescence after 2 days of intense activity. Etna, on the other hand, has already been erupting for over a week (since 14 December 2020) leading up to the Kilauea eruption. In 1169, an earthquake just prior to an eruption killed 15,000 people on Sicily. In the early 21st century a major eruption began in July 2001 and lasted several weeks. The eruption continued at a slowly diminishing rate for 417 days, until 6 July 2009, making this the longest flank eruption of Etna since the 1991–1993 eruption that lasted 473 days. Etna, located on the island of Sicily, Italy, is a stratovolcano that has had historical eruptions dating back 3,500 years. The eruption of 1971 threatened several villages with its lava flow and destroyed some orchards and vineyards. The eruption of 1852–53 flattened large stands of timber and nearly destroyed the town of Zafferana. Please select which sections you would like to print: Corrections? Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. This is Mount Etna in Italy. Can you conquer it? 2002: It has been named as "The perfect eruption", even our logo picture refers to this spectacular explosive eruption.The magma flowed from many craters both at north and south Mount Etna flanks. Several densely populated settlements, notably the city of Catania, are found on the lower slopes, but settlements become less frequent as the height increases. This is the most interesting active volcano in Europe. The Greeks created legends about the volcano, saying that it was the workshop of Hephaestus and the Cyclops or that underneath it the giant Typhon lay, making the Earth tremble when he turned. A local volcanologist said it was Etna's "first flank eruption" in more than a decade. Geophysical Research Letters 30, DOI: 10.1029/2002GL016774. Mount Etna spews lava and ash in spectacular eruption. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... 47 Questions from Britannica’s Most Popular Geography Quizzes. Mt. Why, then, should they visit a volcano? Can anything else happen this year, The eruption has been going on since Sunday in Mount Etna , Italy ,.. The following video shows the beginning of Etna volcano's new flank eruption, starting around noon on 24 Dec 2018: a series of quakes accompanies the progressive opening of several fractures, accompanied by strong ash emission, on and below the SE crater. An eruption in 1381 sent a lava flow as far as the Ionian Sea, about 10 miles (16 km) away. The lava flow destroyed a dozen villages on the lower slope and submerged the western part of the town of Catania. It is the second eruption … It is also the volcano with the longest record of continuous eruption. Three observatories have been set up on its slopes; they are located at Catania, Casa Etnea, and Cantoniera. During the 20th century there were eruptions in 1908, 1910, 1911, 1918, 1923, 1928, 1942, 1947, 1949, 1950–51, and 1971. 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