Reintroduction programs are also under way in Vietnam, where the Vietnamese sika deer (C. n. pseudaxis) is extinct or nearly so. [12] The fawn becomes independent 10 to 12 months after birth, and attains sexual maturity at 16 to 18 months in both sexes. The diet of the deer, which consists of a variety of different types of grasses, leaves, and buds within the forest, is the primary indicator of its habitat. Japan is the only country in eastern Asia where sika deer were not farmed for velvet antlers. The ancestor of all Cervus species probably originated in central Asia and resembled sika deer. Serious genetic pollution has occurred in many populations, especially in China. [4], This species is fully protected under Philippine law. 2010-06-03 20:58:26 2010-06-03 20:58:26. Territory size varies with habitat type and size of the buck; strong, prime bucks may hold up to 2 ha (5 acres). The sika deer (Cervus nippon) also known as the spotted deer or the Japanese deer, is a species of deer native to much of East Asia and introduced to other parts of the world. They are gentle, exquisite, and sacred spirited herbivores hopping the floors of the canopy. The expedition team is reportedly set to present their findings to the Royal Geographical Society. The largest subspecies is the Manchurian sika deer (C. n. mantchuricus), in which males commonly weigh about 68–109 kg (150–240 lb) and females weigh 45–50 kg (99–110 lb), with large stags scaling up to 160 kg (350 lb), although there had been records of Yezo sika deer bulls to weigh up to 170 kg (370 lb) or 200 kg (440 lb). A moderate-sized deer, male chital reach nearly 90 cm (35 in) and females 70 cm (28 in) at the shoulder. Therefore, when a human 'bows' to a deer, the deer assume the same stance and may charge and injure the human. Adults range from 125 to 130 cm (49 to 51 in) long from the head to the base of the tail, 70 to 80 cm (28 to 31 in) in shoulder height and 25 to 80 kg (55 to 176 lb) in weight. The tail measures about 7.5–13 cm (3.0–5.1 in) long. [9][10] All sikas are compact and dainty-legged, with short, trim, wedge-shaped heads and a boisterous disposition. Subfamily – Cervinae. Fights between rival males for territorial disputes, which occur by using hooves and antlers,[11][12] are sometimes fierce and long and may even be fatal. Isolation and reduction of population is likely to have led to some herds becoming moribund. Weaning takes place at six months and the calves are mature from 12 months. Spotted Deer otherwise Chital Deer are inhabitants to the wildernesses of the Indian subcontinent. Sika males are territorial and keep harems of females during their rut, which peaks from early September through October,[12] but may last well into the winter. China used to have the largest population of sika, but thousands of years of hunting and habitat loss have reduced the population to less than 1,000. "Morphometrical relationships between South-east Asian deer (Cervidae, tribe Cervini): evolutionary and biogeographic implications", "Visayan spotted deer - Rusa alfredi - Information", "Spotting the spotted deer - Leonor Magtolis Briones", "Wildlife Extra News - World's rarest deer found alive and well on Philippine islands", "New plant, animal species found in Negros province - Regions - Official Website of GMA News and Public Affairs - Latest Philippine News", "World's rarest deer still roam Negros -, Philippine News for Filipinos",, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 25 October 2020, at 15:31. The Formosan sika deer (C. n. taioanus) has been extinct in the wild for almost two decades before individuals from zoos were introduced to Kenting National Park; the population now numbers 200. The main predators of sika deer include tigers, wolves,[11] leopards, and brown bears.

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