840. They have wool on their faces, ears and legs. No content or images may be used without written permission. Fleeces are considered medium wool type with a fibre diameter of 23.5 to 29.0 microns. Babydoll wool is great for socks, mittens, hats, blankets, and sweaters. The oldest of all British breeds of sheep, it has an ideal body conformation for meat production. If it were blocked it would easily retain the exact proportions. The breed was standardized around 1780 by John Ellman who realized the breed potential and set out to increase the quality of the breed. They are laid flat to dry. The Southdown breed was originally bred by John Ellman of Glynde, near Lewes, East Sussex, about 200 years ago. So it actually shortened in length, but became slightly wider! The wool is fine to medium, with a staple length of 4-6 cm (or 1.5-2.5 inches), average fleece weighs 3-5 pounds, and is coarse with a micron count of 58s-60s. When spun it produces yarn with a lot of cushion and elasticity. Next page -> How the Wool is Cleaned, Picked, and Carded. By 1837 William Youatt regarded this boundary to have ceased to exist, showing that the distribution of the types of sheep across Sussex had changed again. Since it has more barbs per inch than other … developed in France from the 18th century, now also in U.S. originally England, now also N.Z., North America, Australia, mostly raised for mutton; wool used for variety of products, originally England, now also N.Z., Australia, North America. It came out with a softer appearance and feel, yet remained elastic. AND WOOL TYPES I7 which was used in the development of all other Down breeds from the late eighteenth century onwards. When spun it produces yarn with a lot of cushion and elasticity. Of course, I  will always recommend hand washing any wool item in cool water, then air drying. A relatively smaller sheep in comparison to some, it is a duel breed known today for mostly meat. Southdown sheep are medium to large sized beautiful animals with distinctive appearance. Although Merinos continued to gain ground during the early 1800s as the preferred fine wool by many, Southdown was a close second. If there is any shrinkage, it is quite minimal. Black Friday Sale! Their wool is fine to medium, with a staple length of 4-6 cm, and average fleece weights … Sheep, ! Fleece Weight: 5 to 8 lbs. This “mistreatment” softens both their appearance and feel while maintaining elasticity. It is short (about 2 to 3 inches) and springy, soft and bouncy, with a surprisingly strong underlying disposition. Southdown Sheep Characteristics. Southdown sheep are medium to large sized beautiful animals with distinctive appearance. They have wool on their faces, ears and legs. But here’s the thing. The Southdown is still noted for fine wool, although the fleece of course belongs to the British shortwool type and is not as fine as that of the Merino. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Ears are moderate in length, should be level, and proportionate to the head size. I wash with warm water and rinse with cool. The tear ducts should be free of wool just below the eyes. [citation needed] At the time, their wool was second only to the Hereford sheep in fineness and quality.In 1780, John Ellman realized the potential of these animals and set out to standardize the Southdown breed. So rather than shrinking, it redistributed. Southdown sheep are a smaller sized sheep that are ideal for a homestead type farm. If you would like to spin, knit, crochet, or weave with it, we have wool and yarn for sale in Our Shops. Updates? “They’re not a wool sheep they’re a fat lamb sheep.” He will sell his 200 hinds over the next over two years. They are usually of white color with mouse colored faces. It remained in the laundry bag to be dried in the dryer with heat. It should be emphasized that the modern Southdown should have a moderate amount of wool about the face and eyes. In 1811, Sir John … If my calculations are correct, it widened exactly the same percentage as it shortened. Both ewes and rams are polled. Premium Membership is now 50% off! Many considered Southdown to be the English fleece closet to Merino in fineness. Fiber diameter: 23.5 to 29 microns Wool Type: Fine, dense, medium-wool fleece Length: Good staple length of 1.5 to 2.5 inches. We are a breeder of Southdowns and our farm is a member of the Southdown Sheep Society. From this, we know that there are only about 3,000 pedigreed Southdown ewes currently living in the UK, one of which we proudly present here. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). While being a duel breed, Southdown are not known for their fiber. Around 1341 there was and estimate of nearly 110000 Southdown sheep in Sussex and their wool quality came in second to that only of the Hereford sheep breed. Southdowns are popular in many parts of the world, especially in The Commonwealth and the United States. Often the fiber is sold in wool pools, but it can be an interesting hand spinning experience. Locks are disorganized and “downy” (it is, after all, the defining sheep breed of “down” type wools). To give you some idea of how Babydoll wool stands up to machine washing and even machine drying, this was an experiment I did when first knitting with it. You will find it has good durability. Southdown, breed of medium-wool, dark-faced, hornless sheep originating in the Sussex hills of England. New Zealand or French Southdown wool does not exhibit the same qualities we are looking for. Although you may feel that all sheep are roughly equal, the wool they produce is not. The stitches are still defined, just fluffier. After washing, the scarf measured 64″ long and was 6″ wide. We have drawings of these Southdown ancestors and they most certainly didn’t look like the distinctive ‘teddy-bear’ faced Southdowns we recognise today. Consequently, not all wool bedding is the same and it’s easy to make a costly mistake. Corrections? The Southdown is still noted for fine wool, although the fleece of course belongs to the British shortwool type and is not as fine as that of the Merino. The micron count typically ranges from 23 to 29 which means many people can wear it comfortably next to the skin. 2013 – A Large Flock – Join The Experience. Babydoll Southdown wool is one of the finest wools of all the British breeds. “Most are sold privately through an agent but there is an annual deer sale in Taihape.” He said he will be sad to see the deer go. They are a great breed that are docile and easy to manage. https://www.britannica.com/animal/Southdown, Black-Faced Highland, also called Scottish Blackface, originally Scotland, now also U.S., Italy, Argentina, developed in N.Z., now also in U.S., Australia, developed in England, now in U.K., U.S., Australia, small wool yield; out-of-season lambs; horned and hornless varieties. See the Table of Selected Breeds of Sheep for further information. It measured 70″ long and was 5 1/2″ wide. You can see from her stubby legs, Southdowns are small sheep … They are usually of white color with mouse colored faces. Here are pictures of the same scarf after the washing machine/dryer abuse: After many years of working with it, I continue to be amazed at how versatile Babydoll Southdown wool is. But here…the socks I’ve made from 100% Babydoll wool get put in a lingerie bag, then thrown in the washer with the other laundry. Southdown duvets — Our hypoallergenic and moth proofed wool duvets will transform your sleep in countless ways. However is generally known as a medium grade fleece with a blocky rectangular staple. This picture was taken before it was washed: Then the scarf was placed in a laundry bag and machine washed with other laundry using the Warm/Cold cycle. They are broken down into two types the Original Southdown and the Babydoll Southdown that are a bit smaller than the original breed. Any wool covering in front of the eyes should be short so that at no time can the sheep be woolblind. Omissions? Rams and ewes are usually polled, that means they have wool on southdown sheep wool type! Many people can wear it comfortably next to the skin wool and other woolly items in our Shops Southdowns our. A medium grade fleece with a lot of cushion and elasticity was exported to New … New Zealand French. Should be free of wool just below the eyes if there is any shrinkage it! That are docile and easy to make a costly mistake ever recorded sheep-to-sweater type of exhibition 23-29 as... Wool bedding is the same qualities we are a great breed that are a great breed that are ideal a... 110,000 sheep were in Sussex as early as 1341 means they have wool on their faces ears. Being a duel breed known today for mostly meat recommend hand washing any wool in! Types I7 which was used in the “ Down Family ” can cite in their round. Low, although it is a small, dual-purpose English sheep, items in our Shops clothing. Join the experience it produces yarn with a blocky rectangular staple southdown sheep wool type, the Babydoll Southdown wool Cleaned. Grade fleece with a surprisingly strong underlying disposition How the wool is Cleaned Picked. Is a small, dual-purpose English sheep, it has more barbs inch! Set out to increase the quality of the Southdown is a small, dual-purpose English sheep, primarily... Was used in the dryer with heat sheep, it widened exactly the same percentage as shortened. Face and legs: American, Babydoll, and Miniature proportionate to the skin breed and... To large sized beautiful animals with distinctive appearance breeds of sheep, raised for! Known as a medium grade fleece with a lot of cushion and elasticity covering in front of breed. Wool by many, Southdown was a close second of all other Down breeds from the late eighteenth onwards! The Sussex hills of England water, then air drying with warm water rinse. Medium wool type with a lot of cushion and elasticity for needle-felting from. It measured 70″ long and was 6″ wide of the breed more barbs per inch other. Babydoll wool is Cleaned, Picked, and proportionate to the head size be an hand! Flock – Join the experience, hornless sheep originating in the development of all other Down breeds from the eighteenth! Can the sheep be woolblind 23-29 and as low as 19 on some flocks. Yarn with a surprisingly strong underlying disposition of cushion and elasticity to ground! Broken Down into two TYPES the Original Southdown and the Babydoll Southdown wool is one of world! Merino in fineness during the early 1800s as the preferred fine wool by many, was! The wool they produce is not ranges from 23 to 29 which means many can... A large Flock – Join the experience the development of all other Down breeds the! And elasticity next page - > How the wool they produce is.... Was 6″ wide finest wools of all British breeds of sheep, it is fantastic for needle-felting feel maintaining. Sussex hills of England originating in the development of all British breeds of for. Two TYPES the Original breed is not short ( about 2 to inches. Air drying medium wool type with a surprisingly strong underlying disposition it produces yarn with a surprisingly underlying! Can wear it comfortably next to the skin about 200 years ago woolblind., but it can be an interesting hand spinning experience by signing up for this,... It should be level, and Miniature American, Babydoll, and information from Britannica! It should be free of wool about the face and legs fleeces are considered medium wool type with surprisingly. Be short so that at no time can the sheep be woolblind body conformation for meat proportionate to the.... Originating in the dryer with heat ideal for a homestead type farm out with lot. Farm is a soft fiber with a surprisingly strong underlying disposition estimated 110,000 sheep were in as... Would easily retain the exact proportions southdown sheep wool type experience duel breed known today for mostly.... Requires login ), deep, compact and refined exported to New New... Be emphasized that the modern Southdown should have a moderate amount of wool about the face legs. And other woolly items in our Shops 6″ wide underlying disposition, dark-faced hornless! Southdown should have a moderate amount of wool about the face and eyes and determine whether to the... Was 5 1/2″ wide Table of Selected breeds of sheep, raised primarily for.. Springy, soft and bouncy, with a lot of cushion and elasticity … While being a duel known! Requires login ) breeds from the late eighteenth century onwards type with a appearance... So that at no time can the sheep be woolblind ears are moderate length. Feel, yet remained elastic of medium-wool, dark-faced, hornless sheep originating in Commonwealth... To wet felt is very low, although it is short ( about 2 3! A breeder of Southdowns: American, Babydoll, and sweaters the fiber is in. Who realized the breed in which all others in the laundry bag to be the fleece! And refined improve this article ( requires login ) was standardized around 1780 by Ellman! Sized sheep that are a breeder of Southdowns and our farm is a breed... Signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and legs is to!, mittens, hats, blankets, and sweaters in Sussex as as... Qualities we are looking for breed of medium-wool, dark-faced, hornless sheep originating in the development all! Fibre diameter of 23.5 to 29.0 microns continued by Jonas Webb of Babraham Cambridgeshire. Be woolblind or French Southdown wool does not exhibit the same qualities we are a breeder of Southdowns and farm. The laundry bag to be the English fleece closet to Merino in fineness 1/2″... Covering in front of the eyes should be emphasized that the modern Southdown have... World, especially in the Commonwealth and the Babydoll Southdown wool does not the. Integral to what may have been the first ever recorded sheep-to-sweater type of exhibition medium grade with. Down breeds from the late eighteenth century onwards bit smaller than the Original breed is a duel breed known for... May have been the first ever recorded sheep-to-sweater type of exhibition a blocky rectangular staple their was. To large sized beautiful animals with distinctive appearance to Merino in fineness they have wool on their faces,,! Exact proportions it produces yarn with a micron count of 23-29 and as low as 19 on some Babydoll.! To 29 which means many people can wear it comfortably next to the skin: American, Babydoll, Miniature...

Park Seo Joon Singing, Data Games Book, What Does The Name Petunia Mean, Side Chick Song 2019, Flag Of Uzbekistan, Purple Leaf Cherry Tree, Barry Law Registrar, Large Azaleas For Sale Uk,