WITH RING MISSING RIBBON. The basic design of the medal has remained constant, that of a Maltese Cross of cast iron edged with silver. A significant number of medals and awards were given for gallantry or meritorious service for those who fought during the Great War. Read more. Excellent Plus. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Read more. Prussia’s King Frederick William III established the Iron Cross or Eiserne Kreuz on March 10, 1813 to reward soldiers who fought heroically to break the French occupation, also known as the War of Liberation.. The Iron Cross medal was perhaps one of the most historically noteworthy military awards in Nazi Germany. Read more. Use of the decoration was revived by William I for the Franco-Prussian War of 1870, recreated in 1914 for World War I, and last revived by Adolf Hitler on Sept. 1, 1939, the same day that German forces invaded Poland. The basic design of the medal has remained constant, that of a Maltese Cross of cast iron edged with silver. Updates? A civilian order of the Cross was created for and conferred upon (1915) the English Germanophile Houston Stewart Chamberlain. The World War II design had “1939” etched on the bottom arm, where formerly the dates had been “1813,” “1870,” or “1914.” The reverse side of the World War II medal … We specialise in WW1, WW2 and post war German militaria. Blücher after the Battle of Waterloo (1815). g007483 iron cross 1st class, 1914. Corrections? British Military Medals: A Guide for the Collector and Family Historian, Florence Nightingale: A Life From Beginning to End, The Strange Side of War: A Woman’s WWI Diary, The Battle of Verdun, the Frenco-German Bloodbath and its Medal, How to Start Collecting Medals, Badges and Awards, George Halas: Father of the NFL Who Also Served in Both World Wars, Medals of The Few and The Proud: A Look at Marine Corps Medals, A Visit to the Athens War Museum in Greece. The War Cross 1914-1918 (or Croix de Guerre) is a French military decoration created to recognize French and allied soldiers who were cited for valorous service during WWI. A West German statute of 1957 permitted the Iron Cross to be worn only with the swastika removed. The first official service medal for soldiers of Imperial Germany who had taken part in the war was the Honour Cross of the World War 1914/1918, established by Field Marshal Paul von Hindenburg. Post War mini Lapel ribbon bar with Iron Cross 2nd Class, and 1914-1918 Cross with swords, all veterans received this medal, those who served on the front lines received the crossed swords. The Iron Cross is a military decoration established by King Friedrich Wilhelm III and reauthorized by Emperor Wilhelm II on 5 August 1914. $3.85 shipping. From the time of its creation until the end of World War I, 5,719,300 Iron Crosses first and second class were awarded. World War I (often abbreviated as WWI or WW1) lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918. The loop is marked “W1”. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/topic/Iron-Cross. It was awarded only once more, to Field Marshal Paul von Hindenburg in 1918. Some of the most popular include Pip, Squeak and Wilfred (the affectionate names given to the three WW1 campaign medals from the United Kingdom: The 1914 Star or 1914-15 Star, British War Medal and Victory Medal), the French and Belgian War Crosses, and the German Iron Cross, Wound Badge and the Hindenburg Cross. German Medals Pre-WW1 (up to 1914) German Medals WW1 > (1914-1918) CURRENTLY VIEWING. A special class, the Grand Cross on a radiant star, was created especially for Field Marshal G.L. The number of grades was expanded to eight, which, listed in ascending order, are: second class; first class; Knight’s Cross; Knight’s Cross with oak leaves; with oak leaves and swords; with oak leaves, swords, and diamonds; with golden oak leaves, swords, and diamonds (conferred only once); and an even larger Grand Cross (awarded only once, to Hermann Göring for the Air Force’s part in the 1940 French campaign). The Victory Medal (also known as Inter-Allied Victory Medal) is a United Kingdom and British Empire First World War campaign medal. Pip, Squeak and Wilfred are the nicknames given to three British WWI campaign medals that are the most likely medals to be found among family heirlooms: The 1914-15 Star, the War Medal and the Victory Medal. The World War II design had “1939” etched on the bottom arm, where formerly the dates had been “1813,” “1870,” or “1914.” The reverse side of the World War II medal had “1813” inscribed. Late War ribbon bar with Iron Cross 2nd Class, and the Bavarian Verdienst Cross, 3rd Class. The World War II design had “1939” etched on the bottom arm, where formerly the dates had been “1813,” “1870,” or “1914.” The reverse side of the World War II medal had “1813” inscribed. Read more. $59.00. Originally, the Cross had three classes, listed in ascending order: second class, first class, and Grand Cross, the latter being awarded only 19 times through the end of World War I (1918). The Iron Cross (EK 1914) Germany – WW1. Omissions? ORIGINAL WWI 1813-1914 GERMAN IRON CROSS MEDAL … This medal is also called the Hindenburg Cross… All items offered for sale, that are described as original, have a 100% lifetime guarantee of authenticity, supported by Iron Cross Militaria's excellent customer service. Read more. The military Order of Vittorio Veneto was founded as national order “to express the gratitude of the nation” to those who had fought for at least six months in World War I. Read more. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Premium Membership is now 50% off! 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