Algeria is considered as the second largest country in Africa, this is becoming popular for tourist destination in North Africa. Bordering Mali, Morocco, Libya, Niger, Tunisia, the Mediterranean Sea and Western Sahara, the country is the home of fabulous and diverse landscapes.
The Ahaggar Mountains, known as the Hoggar, are highland region in the central Sahara, or at the southern Algeria Tropic of Cancer. They’re located about 1,500 km or 900 miles south capital, Algiers and west of Tamanghasset. The region is a rocky desert with an average altitude more than 900 meters or 2,953 feet above the sea level. The highest peak reaches 3,003 meters of Mount Tahat. Assekrem is one of the famous and often visited points wherein le Père de Foucauld lived in the 1905 of summer season. The main city at the Ahaggar is the Tamanghasset, which is built in desert valley or wadi.
Algeria National Parks
Algeria is considered as the land of great biodiversity. A massive country with wide variety of ecological zones and landscapes, Algeria has rich natural heritage. Considered to be the most unique natural country of Mediterranean, Algeria’s morphology, bioclimatic, fauna and flora contributes to great biodiversity. In fact, Algeria is the home of some rare species such as Barbary red deer, Monk Seal, Audouin’s Gull and Kabylie Nuthatch. An extensive network of the protected area has been created in Algeria in order to protect this natural heritage. Algeria’s National Parks compass a variety of their ecosystems, from the coastal areas to the desert and with mountains.
Tassili n’ Ajjer National Park
Tassili n’ Ajjer National Park takes a large portion of Tassili n’ Ajjer mountain range. This is located in the southeastern part of Algeria; you will discover variety of natural wonders in Algerian National Park. The sandstone compositions of the mountain range have resulted in a variety of the rock arches and all other landforms slowly etched out by soil erosion. Sandstone has contributed to the area’s ability in order to sustain a large amount of plant life as it holds the water well. Vegetation in Tassili n’Ajjer National Park is made up of woodland endemic, endangered plants, namely the Saharan Myrtle and the Saharan Cypress. Due to numbers of endangered species of Algeria along with are the great archeological significance over the area, the National Park was already declared as a World Heritage Site. The closest town near to its access to the park is Djanet.
Algeria consist a series of contrasting approximately parallel to east-west topographical zones. The narrow and discontinuing alluvial plains in the coast contain fertile land and separates from Sahara by the ranges and by the plateaus of Atlas Mountains. Separating Tell Altas from Sahara Atlas is a semiarid plateau with average elevation of 1,100 meters or 3,610 feet. Along the ease plateau merges with Aures Mountains which includes Mount Chelia which is the highest peak of the northern Algeria. South of Sahara Atlas is immerse Sahara, with gravel expanses, sand dunes, occasional plateaus and the fantastic, the lunar like Ahaggar massif, wherein Mount Tahat, considered as the nation’s highest peak which rises at 3,003 meters or 9,852 feet. The Northern Algeria has histories regarding seismic disturbances.
Cheliff River at the coastal plain is the only significant stream is known to be unnavigable but this provides water for irrigation. In the interior are there are seasonal streams which are called the wadis and there are many shallow salt lakes which are called shattas or chotts.
Less than 20% of Algeria is mostly along the coasts are arable. The country has deposits of petroleum and this is considered as the fourth largest reserve of natural gas in the world. There are also deposites of phosphates, mercury, iron ore and zinc.