The Central African Republic is formerly known as prior to the 1960 as a French colony, is close to geographic center of Africa. It is boarded with Chad at the north, Sudan along the east, Zaire and Congo Republic along the south and Cameroon along the west. The climate is tropical with rainy season from April to October. The annual precipitation averages from 137 cm or 54 inches and its temperature ranges from 25 Celsius during rainy season and 30 Celsius during dry season. Most vegetation is tropical savannah grassland, the rain forest is located in southwest, and dry savannah grassland is located in extreme northeast.
Go to Boali waterfalls, distance is 43 miles from the capital city. Against impressive backdrop of a virgin forest, the M’bari River pours from 160 feet high and 820 feet wide. Go down the falls; take hollowed steps into the rock. A step path then takes you below to the lake. You must resist the temptations to bathe take note that the lake is swarming with huge crocodiles.
At 50 meters or (164 feet) tall, these falls are taller than Niagara Falls, but in the heart of CAR jungle, they are one of the world’s most beautiful yet untouched tourist attractions. A small entry fee is necessary to enter. Water is controlled by large Chinese-built dam upriver, on Sundays some water is let out for the passing tourists.
Savorgnan De Brazza
European penetrations of Central African territory began in late 19th century at the time of the Scramble of Africa (c. 1875–1900). Count the Savorgnan de Brazza which took the lead in establishing French Congo with the headquarters in the city which is named after him, Brazzaville, and was sent expeditions up with Ubangi River in efforts to expand France’s claims to the territories in Central Africa. King Leopold II of Germany, Belgium and the United Kingdom competed to establish claims to territory in Central African region.
Ubangi River located at central Africa. Formed by Bomu River and with the Uele River on northern border of Democratic Republic of Congo, it flows the west and south, forming part of the boundaries with Central African Republic and with Republic of the Congo. It empties the Congo River. It is 700 miles or 1,126 km long; with the longest head stream, it doubles that length.
In its upper area reaches Ubangi divides into the arms separated by the elongated islands, while elsewhere confining the rocks create rapids, such as the ones with Bangui. The Ubangi changes upon entering the Congo basin, its wide course that is being split by sandy shoals. Some tributaries are still impeded by the rapids. The areas between the longitude 16° E and Ubangi consists of swampy valleys, flat and low divides which descends from east and the southeast from western hills to Congo River. Most of the region is covered with the dense equatorial rainforest; large portions of the region lies northeast and southwest of Sangha River is permanently inundated. The Ubangi River joins Congo at the village of Irebu, at the mouth of Irebu Channel. Low-lying, the swampy Lake Tumba drains through the channels into the Congo River. The Congo waters during April to June pushes back those of the Ubangi. Some clearances for navigation have taken place, and barges of about 600 tons can reach Bangui area.
Congo River dominates the country’s drainage system. The Congo’s main tributary, the Ubangi River, flows at southward from Central African Republic and forms eastern border as far as Liranga’s town, where it joins to the Congo proper. The main river continues southward going to the Malebo Pool, a shallow 300 square mile or 775 square kilometer lake.